RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE
LONG-TERM CARE INSURANCE
Ensuring Your Protection
Long-term care (LTC) insurance is coverage that provides nursing-home care, home-health care, personal or adult day care for individuals above the age of 65 or with a chronic or disabling condition that needs constant supervision. LTC insurance offers more flexibility and options than many public assistance programs.
Long-term care is usually very expensive, which is why most people need insurance. For example, on average, nursing facilities providing skilled care charge $150 to $300 per day – more than $80,000 per year or more. Custodial home care at three visits per week can cost more than $9,000 each year. Most LTC insurance policies will cover only a specific dollar amount for each day you spend in a nursing facility or for each home-care visit. Thus, when considering an LTC insurance policy, read the policies carefully and compare the benefits to determine which policy will best meet your own needs.
Full home care coverage is an option for LTC insurance and will pay for home care from the first day it is needed. It will cover expenses for a visiting or live-in caregiver, companion, housekeeper, therapist or private duty nurse up to seven days a week, 24 hours per day, up to the policy benefit maximum. Many experts suggest shopping for LTC insurance between the ages of 45 and 55, as part of an overall retirement plan to protect assets from the high costs and burdens of extended health care.
Read more: Long-Term Care (LTC) Insurance https://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/ltcinsurance.asp#ixzz5Tfl9VpPx
KEY PERSON INSURANCE
Whatever You Need
A life insurance policy that a company purchases on a key executive's life. The company is the beneficiary of the plan and pays the insurance policy premiums. This type of life insurance is also known as "key man insurance," "key woman insurance" or "business life insurance."
Key person insurance is needed if the sudden loss of a key executive would have a large negative effect on the company's operations. The payout provided from the death of the executive essentially buys the company time to find a new person or to implement other strategies to save the business.
In a small business, the key person is usually the owner, the founders or perhaps a key employee or two. The main qualifying point would be if the person's absence would sink the company. If this is the case, key person insurance is definitely worth consideration.
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A buy-sell agreement, also known as a buyout, is designed to protect or continue a business should it experience an unforeseen circumstance. If a co-owner wants out of the business, to retire, to sell their shares to someone else, goes through a divorce or passes away, a buy-sell agreement acts as a sort of "premarital agreement" to protect everyone's interests, setting the price and terms for a buyout. These are binding contracts between co-owners that control when owners can sell their interest, who can buy an owner's interest and what price will be paid.
Buy-sell agreements can be used to lower estate taxes in businesses where at least one co-owner plans to leave the interest to heirs who will remain active in the business. This can help a family business owner pass the business onto children or other relatives without burdening them with unnecessary estate taxes caused by an aggressive value of the business. The key for estate planning is choosing a conservative price or valuation formula for the business in the buy-sell or buyout agreement. The result can be to legally set the value of the ownership interest at an amount considerably lower than its sales value at the time of death.
Most buy-sells are funded with life insurance because it is the only means of guaranteeing that death, the event which creates the need for cash, also, creates the cash to satisfy that need. Other alternatives are available such as borrowing or creating an installment plan, but life insurance is the most common.
Read more: Buy-Sell Agreements https://www.investopedia.com/exam-guide/cfp/documentation/cfp5.asp#ixzz5TfipGM7O